Categories: ISCRAM2007 Conference, Summer School 2007


Recent disasters, such as the 2003 SARS outbreak, the 2004 Asian tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir/Pakistan earthquake and the 2005 hurricanes Katrina and Rita clearly identified the shortcomings of IT solutions for disaster rescue and recovery. Of particular note was the accompanying disaster of the lack of viable or deployed data and service management solutions. Major disasters involve multiple autonomous organizations (governmental, NGOs, individuals, communities, and industry). When integrating/composing data and services, they are extremely heterogeneous, both structurally and semantically; which creates a need for on-the-fly integration. In these circumstances, planning is difficult because disasters and their potential participants cannot be predicted. The participants also change over the course of the disaster and the phases of disaster response. While there is the potential to model past disasters and to learn about integrated solutions, there is a clear need for flexible platforms.