Standardization and Ontologies
– Renato Iannella, NICTA
– Tom De Groeve, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
Due to the complex nature of crisis response and management, information systems in this field are more often than not a “system of systems”. Information interoperability among such systems is essential to make key data flow among the many stakeholders during a crisis. In addition, information systems are integrated in decision processes controlled by legislation and regulation, and set in an fast-changing environment of people with different levels of expertise, multi-disciplinary backgrounds, and multicultural and multi-lingual work environments. The key challenge of information systems is to ensure that information is encoded in a way that the receiver understands the semantics of the information in an interoperable environment.
The key way to create effective and efficient information systems for crisis response and management is by using existing and developing new standards and ontologies for information exchange. These include IT standards for software interoperability (such as web service standards and geospatial standards), but also process standards for interoperability of (multi-national) emergency teams. It includes ontologies ranging from description of relief teams, resources and locations, over hazard preparedness (seismic building codes) to techniques to uniquely identify a disaster.
Information standards for system-to-system interoperability
– Standards for information system interoperability (e.g. W3C standards, OGC standards, OASIS standards)
– Standard Languages for emergency phases (e.g. resource response needs, early warnings)
Frameworks and Architectures used to enable interoperable implementations
– Information Models for large-scale information infrastructures
– Consistent national and international platforms for information sharing Governance, regulations, legislation, requirements (etc) used to manage processes
– Standards for evaluation of response performance (e.g. financial, organizational)
– Standards for humanitarian response (e.g. visa regulations, humanitarian logistics,international search and rescue)
– Standards for disaster preparedness (e.g. seismic codes, civil protection)
Ontologies, vocabularies, taxonomies, (etc) used to describe resources and activities
– Emerging Ontologies (e.g, Who-What-Where; disaster types; missing people)
– Global unique incident identification (e.g. GLIDE)
– Methods and tools for defining, mapping, reasoning, and maintaining semantics of crisis ontologies
In addition to the general track, this track also includes the following special session:
– Architectures to support interoperability between partners of crisis reduction
For detailed information regarding special sessions, please consult each Special Sessions¥ Call for Papers.